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Finland – Whistleblower Protection

Finland – Whistleblower Protection

Legislation particularly aimed at protecting whistleblowers is non-existent in Finland. However, in general Finland is rated one of the least corrupt countries in the world.
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Though perennially ranked as one of the least corrupt countries in the world, Finland has no specific protections for employees who report crime and corruption. Finland has no designated agency to investigate whistleblower disclosures and no specific remedies for victimized whistleblowers. According to political leaders, the country depends on the principles of openness, transparency and accountability to combat corruption. For these reasons, and due to the low number of public whistleblower cases, the issue is not widely discussed in political circles or by the general public. A recent study by the Ministry of Justice did not lead to the development of a whistleblower protection law.[…]
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In Finland, no specific whistleblower protection exists for public or for private sector employees who report in good faith and on reasonable grounds to competent authorities. There is only indirect protection regarding anonymity, possible retaliation and discrimination. Finland relies more on its reputation as a transparent and non-corrupt society.[…]
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Legislation particularly aimed at protecting whistleblowers is non-existent in Finland. Therefore, one must seek guidance in various statutory provisions.

Public confidence in impartiality, objectivity, and lawfulness of the government and its institutions has remained strong in Finland. For several years, the Transparency International has ranked Finland as among the least corrupt countries in the world.2

The comparatively low level of corruption in Finland is likely the outcome of the social equality and citizens’ trust in the political and administrative system. Finland’s administrative and legal culture emphasizes the values of common good, fairness and justice. There is the moral and legal condemnation of power centralization and socio-economic disparities in the society. The values of the Finnish public administration are built on the value base of a democratic constitutional state and a Nordic welfare society within a globalization. Furthermore, according to the Constitution3, Section 1:

"Finland operates in international co-operation for the protection of peace and human rights and for the development of society."

This statement of basic values that consists of the internal and external considerations is one of Finland’s key strengths in combating corruption.

[…]
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Vaikka Suomi sijoittuukin vuosi vuoden jälkeen yhdeksi maailman vähiten korruptoituneista valtioista, Suomessa ei ole määritelty erikseen minkäänlaista suojelua työntekijöille jotka raportoivat mahdollisesta korruptiosta ja rikoksista. Suomessa ei ole mitään nimettyä toimistoa jossa tutkittaisiin ilmiantajien lausuntoja eikä määritelty millaista apua tarjota mahdollisesti vaaratilanteessa oleville ilmiantajille. Poliittisten johtajien mukaan maassa tuetaan vahvasti avoimuuden, läpinäkyvyyden ja vastuullisuuden periaatteisiin korruption vastaisessa taistelussa. Näistä syistä, sekä johtuen julkiseen tietoisuuteen päätyneiden ilmiantajien tapausten vähäisestä määrästä, tästä aiheesta ei käydä laajaa keskustelua poliittisissa piireissä tai yleisesti yhteiskunnassa. Oikeusministeriön äskettäin suorittama tutkimus ei myöskään johtanut lakialoitteen suunnittelemiseen joka suojelisi ilmiantajia. […]
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